2018 Trends in Responsible Investing

Our trade organization, USSIF, the US Social Investment Forum, puts out a biannual trends report, which examines the state of the Responsible Investing movement.

The highlight of the report is this image, which shows the exponential growth of Sustainable and Responsible investing in the US:

At the time of publication, almost $12 Trillion dollars is invested in responsible investing strategies in the US, which represents an 18-fold increase since 1995, and 38% growth since 2016, the last time this report was published.  In fact, 26% of all assets under professional management in the US are now incorporating Environmental, Social and Governance data into their investment process in one way or another.

It’s important to break that data down further.  This chart is a snapshot of 2018, which examines who is investing in these strategies, and whether those investors are merely using ESG data in their investment process, or whether they are engaging with the companies they own in their portfolios to try to change corporate behavior:We are THRILLED to see such huge numbers on this chart. In fact, the data has changed so much since the last report that it’s really worth digging deeper into the orange slices at the right to see what change is being created in the world.  By examining shareholder resolutions, one tool investors use to make companies to change their behavior, we can see some of the priorities that the industry and institutional investors have set over the last few years:

This chart looks at Money Manager activity, which matters a great deal to us, as this is the category we fall into.  In fact, as a firm, we contributed to this report through our continued membership in the United Nations Principles for Responsible Investment  (you can view our data here), which was one of the primary sources for this report.

Interestingly, Institutional Investors, had much different priorities:

Clearly, both groups take similar sets of issues seriously, but institutional investors place a greater priority on Governance issues than money managers.  In our view, institutional investors are well suited to working on governance issues, as they tend to be long term issues that require longer term engagement.

Breaking this work down into more detail also yields insights: battles over Proxy Access have slowed down after strong investor support.  The share of S&P 500 companies with proxy access policies grew from 1% to 65% from 2013 to 2017, so activity on this front has slowed as a result of having fewer targets to engage.  This is a win!

In many ways, while what has been accomplished is important, why investors are pushing for change is more interesting. 82% of managers report client demand as a factor, while three quarters cite risk and return separately.  This means that your voice as a client can make a difference!  By joining with the larger community of actively engaged investors, you can become a part of a community that is creating grassroots change within the financial services industry at large.

When it comes to Risk and Return, we agree that long term investors should be considering Environmental, Social and Governance data in their process, as our investing thesis is based on the premise that using this data can expose risks to the long term prospects of companies we own in our portfolios.  All investing involves risk, and our job is to manage that risk.  We believe that ESG can be one more tool in the risk manager’s toolkit to help understand and manage risk, and we’re glad to see that this opinion is shared more broadly.

The data still has some problems, however.  Looking at the types of assets that are incorporating ESG, by far the largest segment is “uncategorized money manager assets”, which is a term that’s exactly as vague as it sounds.  While Mutual Funds, ETFs, Closed End Funds, Alternatives, and Community Investment Institutions all issue a Prospectus which discloses how they use this data (and we spend a LOT of time reading these documents to verify that our partners have policies in place that our clients want to see), the Uncategorized segment is largely self-reported, through a box on the Principles for Responsible Investing reports that says the managers are looking at the data, but not how they use it.  You can view our PRI Transparency report here.  We welcome your feedback!

All in all, this trends report marks a HUGE step forward for the industry, but a lot of work remains to be done. Additional highlights of the report include:

  • Higher support for Environmental and Social proposals:  The proportion of shareholder proposals on social and environmental proposals that receive high levels of support has been trending upward.
  • Equal pay:  Several companies have agreed to report on—and correct—gender pay differentials in response to shareholder resolutions.
  • Engagement:  Behind the scenes, engagement is increasing:  88 money managers, with $9.1 trillion in AUM, reported that they engage in dialogue with companies, up from 61 money managers, with $6.1 trillion in AUM, in 2016.

Additional information on this report can be obtained by contacting us, or  US | SIF: The Forum for Sustainable & Responsible Investment at info@ussif.org or (202) 872-5361. The trends report website is www.ussif.org/trends and they can be found on twitter: @US_SIF   |   #USSIFtrends2018

ESG Investing Basics: What are we trying do to?

We talk a lot about ESG: Environmental, Social and Governance. Our investment thesis is based on the idea that this “extra-financial” data (meaning this is information that doesn’t necessarily show up on a company’s balance sheet or profit and loss statement) can have a material impact on the long term health and performance of a company.

A great way to think about why we believe this is to look at this chart, which shows how the value of the companies in the S&P 500 index have changed over time, from the 70’s, when the vast majority of a company’s value was tangible, based on things, which can be measured. Over the past 4 decades, this has flipped, to the point where the vast majority of a company’s value is now based on intangible assets: things like good will, brand strength, and customer loyalty.

Tangible vs Intangible Assets as share of S&P 500 Market Value

Commercial insurance: innovating to expand the scope of insurability - Scientific Figure on ResearchGate. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Tangible-vs-intangible-assets-as-share-of-S-P-500-market-value-1975-2015_fig1_320373367 [accessed 4 Feb, 2019]

Figure 1 Tangible vs intangible assets as share of S&P 500 market value, 1975-2015  Scientific Figure on ResearchGate. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Tangible-vs-intangible-assets-as-share-of-S-P-500-market-value-1975-2015_fig1_320373367 [accessed 4 Feb, 2019]

As investors concerned with managing risk, we need data tools that look beyond the single bottom line of profits and financial data to understand how a company manages its’ Triple Bottom LinePeople, the Planet and Profit. Taken together, these factors give us a more holistic look at companies, which helps us make better decisions. For example: a 2012 study by the Center for American Progress found that the cost to replace an employee is between 16% and 21% of that employee’s salary, and that quit rates are often due to workplace policies.

There are many ways to use this data, and we work with our clients to figure out which approach best matches their goals, both from a risk & return standpoint, and also thinking about the impact they want to have on the world. There are a number of different ways to use the data, and we’ve put together this handy chart to demonstrate the different approaches:

Negative ScreeningESG IntegrationThematic InvestingImpact Investing
ObjectiveAvoid companies or industries that you find objectionable: a “Clean” portfolioUse ESG ratings as part of the investment process: Try to own the “Best in class”Focus on specific issues that matter to youFocus on non-financial outcomes in addition to financial outcomes
ChallengesDefining your screens & building a diversified portfolio that excludes the ‘right’ companies for you – how deep do you want to go?Where is the ESG data coming from? How is it being used in the process? How will different ESG methodologies result in different portfolios?Tend to be specific, narrowly focused investments. Only appropriate for a percentage of an overall portfolioReport on progress & outcomes. How do we know our investments are doing what they say they are?
ExamplesAvoiding investments in Fossil Fuels, Addictive products, or the manufacture of Weapons of WarIndex funds that track ESG indices, active funds that exclude low ESG scored companies from their “investable universe”Investments in Water, Gender Diversity, Clean Energy, or Low CarbonSpecific bonds such as Green Bonds, Community Investment Bonds, investments in private companies that have a social or environmental mission.

 

We offer investment portfolios or individual investments tailored to each approach. Get in touch to learn more!

 

Impact: A Documentary

We talk a lot about the impact of our investments, but it can be difficult to see impact from a financial statement. That’s why our Broker/Dealer, Vanderbilt Financial Group, produced this video to show the impact our investments can have.

Common Interests Featured as Responsible Investing Experts

We’re proud to share with you a video we were recently featured in: Good Returns, a story about Responsible Investing. If you’ve never encountered our way of investing,  this is a great, quick introduction.